Last week’s European Council Summit (28 and 29 June) has been described by several commentators as weak in terms of the results of the negotiations on the migration issue. Looking beyond the official declarations that talk about progress and compromises, the issues of substance remain unresolved. The formal result is a unanimous agreement between the 28 Member States (after the threat of a veto by Italy), but with disappointing results:
1. Of the different points under discussion, only the issue of external border control found consensus, despite the doubts about the feasibility of the proposals (increasing external aid funds, creation of hotspots in last arrival countries, and strengthening of the Frontex mandate)
2. The resettlement issue, which should be based on solidarity and shared responsibility, was relegated to some expressions of good will without any concrete decisions
3. The rules governing secondary internal movements were not changed, mainly because of the continued threats by some Member States to close internal borders.
4. There was nothing new concerning the reform of Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and the Dublin Regulation.
In short the Council again showed instability and the incapacity of the Union to create convincing and believable policy, threatening the already weak political “balance” between Member States.
SOLIDAR and SOLIDAR Foundation highlight the need for the European Union and its Member States to address the migration issue more effectively by:
· Adopting long term policies based on shared responsibility and solidarity, taking into account the need for adequate welfare policies and avoiding dramatic socio-political changes
· Recognizing the role of social forces in the strengthening of democratic values, human rights, and progressive policies without any speculation on ongoing social and economic troubles
· Fostering the fight against the populist xenophobic and authoritarian approach that some European governments are taking on this topic, taking advantage of the migration flux to justify their political mandate
· Adopting all the political solutions to avoid further deaths in the Mediterranean sea and the violation of fundamental rights