European stalemate on migration

European stalemate on migration

Migration is the issue that is shaking the Union. The dismissal of the Bulgarian Presidency proposal that was trying to find a compromise on the Dublin III Regulation Reform, come after the Italian opposition and the turnaround of Germany. During this period of “dialogue” the European Commission was wishing the rise of a new proposal avoiding a crisis during the Council Summit today 28th and tomorrow 29th of June.

After the leak of a joint proposal from France and Germany, prompt was the reaction of the Italian Government, menacing to desert the Summit, with the support of Austria and Visègrad countries. These menaces pushed Junker to convene a pre-summit, last Sunday in Brussels. Junker’s main fear is a domino effect within the “populist countries” and the crisis of Schengen.

The compromise is discussing two main points:

  • The strengthening of Frontex, rethinking the agency more as a border police, as already planned in the MFF proposal for the Integrated Border Management Fund (2021-2027);
  • Creation of hotspots in the origins and transit countries (ex. Tunisia)

The pre-summit didn’t bring any incisive result, on the other hand shows again the difficulties to find a compromise. Sunday there was a deal about the “reinforced control at borders”, but the issue remains the resettlement, mostly for the possibility that a reform of Dublin III may open to “secondary movements” of migrants within Europe.

The arbitration of the European Commission and the pre-summit are inspired by more realistic and moderated position, trying to avoid the drift of populism that is shaking a part of the Union, as shown by the strategic priorities proposed by the Council.

SOLIDAR and SOLIDAR Foundation ask for more concrete and human policies to solve this emergency. The Summit shall:

  • Relaunch the integration policies in the whole Europe
  • Introduce a new social economy and a new welfare policy, fighting against differences between and within the Member States
  • Promote more cooperation with the neighbourhood and transit countries
  • Fight against populism and xenophobia, through the civil society awareness on migration.