The Social Rights Monitor (SRM) is a tool developed by SOLIDAR members and partners to allow partner organizations and allies based in the country to assess the situations in terms of social protection, decent work and an enabling environment and track the progress made since the implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy and the partnership priorities established with the EU. Most of the reports have been developed in the framework of a regional programme “Mobilizing for Social Justice: Decent Work, Social Protection and Freedom of Association in the Middle East and North Africa region” led by SOLIDAR.
In 2019, SRM from the MENA region since 2013 were compiled to create country profiles (available below), putting in evidence the evolution of Social Protection, Decent Work and Freedom of Association over the years. SOLIDAR also created a scoreboard to compare both the current state of play of these rights and their evolution in each country surveyed.
Arrows represent the evolution or progress made in areas of Freedom of Association, Decent Work and Social Protection in the Middle East and North Africa region since 2013. Conclusions are drawn based on the inputs received throughout the years through the Social Rights Monitors tool.
Colors represent the current assessment of the situation in 2018 for each of the seven countries, using three main sources of information: the Social Rights Monitor, the ITUC Global Rights Index 2018 and the Civicus Monitor.
From the Social Rights Monitor Scoreboard, we can observe that no substantive changes or significant improvements have occurred in the areas of freedom of association, decent work and social protection since 2013. Although some progresses have been observed in some cases, the situation has worsened in others.
Eight years after the Arab Spring, there is yet a lack of political will or governmental effort to place social justice at the centre. Moreover, with the economic and the refugee crisis on the European side and the widespread inequalities and conflicts in the Arab region, EU external policies have placed an increasing focus on securitization, countering terrorism, deeper trade agreements and an enhanced role for the private sector in development. As a result, development policy has deviated from its main long-term objective, namely eradicating poverty and reducing inequality.
It is thereof essential that the European Neighbourhood policy focuses on the improvement and strengthening of economic, social and cultural rights, as they are the precondition to social justice and the realization of civic and political rights. Social and economic development, accompanied by an equal distribution of knowledge, income and power, are essential to build a just and equal society and assure an inclusive democratic transition. It is also the only way towards the achievement of sustainable development and the specific objective of the Agenda 2030, such as SDGs 1 (No Poverty), 3 (Good Health and Well-being), 4 (Quality Education), 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth) and 10 (Reduced Inequalities).